Pour une participation en direct sur la page Facebook de l’École d’orthophonie et d’audiologie de l’UdeM.
Barbara Mary Bernhardt, Ph.D.,
Professor Emerita, Registered Speech-Language Pathologist, School of Audiology and Speech Sciences
Joseph P. Stemberger, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Linguistics
Along with colleagues in 16 countries, Barbara May Bernhardt and Joseph P. Stemberger have been conducting a crosslinguistic study on typical and protracted phonological development in as many languages: Arabic, Asian (Japanese, Mandarin, Tagalog), Germanic (English, German, Icelandic, Swedish), Indigenous (Valley Zapotec, Mexico), Romance (French, Portuguese, Spanish) and Slavic (Bulgarian, Slovenian). Assessment tools have also been developed for Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe) and Punjabi and are in process for several others. The study aims to determine universal and language-specific patterns in phonological development, and provide tools for assessment and treatment, especially through the free access website: phonodevelopment.sites.olt.ubc.ca. Studies have examined phonological production data both within and between languages. Within language, investigators have been examining whole word accuracy, word structure, clusters, consonants and vowels both by group (age, developmental), and for individual children. Between-language studies have compared, for example, Whole Word Match by age/language; fricatives in English, German and Icelandic; complex nuclei in Spanish and Mandarin; and consonant clusters in languages with tap/trill. The presentation will: (1) outline the study methodologies briefly; (2) highlight recent results concerning: (a) Canadian French acquisition; and (b) screening versus full word list measures (towards informed clinical decision-making during assessment); and (3) provide links/sources for further information.
Barbara May Bernhardt, Professor Emerita since July, 2017, was on faculty at the School of Audiology and Speech Sciences from 1990-2017 and has been a speech-language pathologist since 1972. Her areas of specialization are language development, assessment and intervention with a focus on phonology and phonetics. Her major research area is the application of nonlinear phonology to phonological assessment and intervention (since 1988), with an ongoing crosslinguistic project (16 languages) in collaboration with Dr. Joseph Stemberger at UBC and many colleagues internationally. She has also focused on ultrasound and electropalatography in speech intervention, early prediction of language impairment and service delivery to people of First Nations, Métis and Inuit heritage in Canada.